The ultimate vehicle specification guide - the cars in details, Part II

We are continuing our odyssey in the world of automobiles with part II of our car specs guide.

Engine oil capacity

The amount of oil a specific vehicle engine needs in order to work properly.


Either liquid or gas, the coolant is a substance that controls the temperatures in the cars' systems.

Fuel type

It's the particular type of fuel a vehicle can use - it could be petrol, diesel or other.


It's the ability of a vehicle to gain speed for a certain fraction of time - usually, measured in seconds. In car specification it's usually measured from 0 to 100km/h; 0 to 2000 km/h and from 0 to 300 km/h. For some countries it's not km/h but miles per hour (mph).

100 km/h – 0; 200 km/h – 0 

This parameters known as braking distance and represents the distance a vehicle needs to stop when brakes are applied.

Fuel consumption

It's the amount of fuel a vehicle need to travel from point A to point B. In some countries s there are different types of fuel consumptions measured - urban (city driving), extra-urban (country roads and highways) and combined - combining the previous two.

Emission standard

These are the legal requirements set to regulate the air pollution. What they do is to set a limit on the amount of particular air pollutants that are released from vehicles over a certain timeframe. Their mission is to guard human life and protect the nature.

CO2 emissions

Represents the CO2 (carbon dioxide) emission a vehicle emits per year. 

Permitted trailer load with brakes

That's the maximum permitted load on a trailer with brakes a vehicle can carry, according to the law regulations. The load can be limited depending on the road angles in each country. That's why in specs sheets we have 2 different load permissions - for an 8% and 12% (where the % is represents the slope the vehicle can handle).

Permitted trailer load without brakes

The maximum load on a trailed without brakes a vehicle can carry.

Coupe type

Describes the car body type. It could be Jeep (off-road), cabriolet, coupé, coupe-cabriolet, crossover, targa,SUV, Roadster, MPV (multi-purpose vehicle), minivan, pickup sedan, hatchback, combi, Gran Turismo (GT), fastback, liftback.


The number of seats in the particular vehicle. 

Length, width, height, wheelbase

These are car the vehicle dimensions. The wheelbase is the measured distance between the vehicle's front and rear wheels. The length is often confused with the wheelbase, which is a mistake. Car length is the calculated distance from the farthest back of the car to the foremost of it. The overall height of the vehicle is the calculated distance from the lowest part of the tires to the highest part of the car roof. The width can be with mirrors unfolded or without mirrors folded. It's different for different automobiles. Basically, it's the measured space between the center line of the two pairs of car wheels. With mirrors unfolded, it's the measured space between the two side mirrors.

Front and Rear (back) track

Those parameters are common for vehicles with two axles.They are calculated using the space between the centerlines of the wheels that are on attached to the same axle.

Drag coefficient

This metric is very important in automotive design. It is tied to the aerodynamics and describes the force that goes the same way the air flow does.

AdBlue tank

Referring only to the diesel vehicles, AdBlue tank is a modern chemical liquid, used to reduce dangerous emissions, produced by diesel engines.

Fuel tank volume

Refers to the maximum quantity of fuel a car fuel tank is capable to contain.

Minimum volume of luggage (trunk) and Maximum volume of luggage (trunk)

Usually measure in litres, it reflects the capacity of a vehicle to store luggage in its trunk space.

Rear overhang and Front overhang

The overhangs represent the extra lengths at the front and the rear of the vehicle - the extensions beyond the actual wheelbase of the car.

Kerb weight

That's the weight of the vehicle without passengers or load included.

Maximum weight

The weight of the vehicle, including passengers, all car accessories and fluids, filled cargo area but excluding a trailer. Each manufacturer specifies the maximum weight of the cars produced.

Maximum roof load

Specified by the manufacturer, it's the maximum load a vehicle can have loaded on its roof.


Author: Diyana Ilieva

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